Have you ever wondered what the difference between HAVE NOT and DO NOT HAVE was? Do you think you’ve ever confused the two and made a mistake while using English? If you have made the mistake of confusing the two, you’re not alone!
In today’s American English lesson, let’s review have not VS do not have so you can comfortably and confidently use them in your next English conversations.
*NOTE: This is an American English lesson and may vary from British English usage*
Have not VS Do not Have
do not have + noun
This sentence structure is a negative form of the simple present. It’s used to say that you don’t have possession of something.
I do not have a dog.
I do not have black hair.
She does not have 3 cats. He does not have a red car.
This is the negative form of “to have + noun”; for example, I have a dog. She has 3 cats.
have not + past participle
This sentence structure is a negative form of the present perfect. “Have not” is an auxiliary of the present perfect tense, and it’s used to say that you don’t have the experience of doing something, or you have not (yet) finished an action. (*read more about the present perfect by clicking here.)
I have not visited Japan.
I have not finished this book (yet).
She has not seen that movie. He has not eaten fish.
Be Careful! Mistakes to Avoid
The most common mistake is using “have not” instead of the negative present tense structure “do not have”. Do not follow “have not” with a noun →
I have not a dog. I haven’t black hair.
So remember, the word HAVE can be used as a verb or an auxiliary. Pay attention to the structure, the word following HAVE, and what you want to express or emphasize.
Practice Makes Perfect
Think about 3 things you have or own and write those down (EX: I have 2 cats.) Then write them in the negative form (EX: I do not have 2 cats.)
Then think about 3 things you do not have or own but you want. Write down those 3 sentences like this to practice: I do not have ______, but I would like to have it.
Finally, answer the following questions using the “I have not _____” structure:
What is something you have not eaten?
Where is a place you have not visited?
Who is a celebrity you have not met?
You can always practice making your own sentences below, and good luck!
Until next time,